City Guides


The three Lux Scientia locations are all beautiful medieval cities with UNESCO World Heritage Site status. Keep reading for more information about these enchanting cities.



Toruń is widely considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Poland. Picturesquely located on both banks of the Vistula River, at a site of intersection of ancient trade routes, it has been propagating its traditional economy and openness to the world for nearly 800 years.

Official tourism website:



By air | The nearest airports with good connections to a number of European cities are Gdańsk (175 km north of Toruń), Poznań (150 km south-west of Toruń), Warsaw (210 km south-east).

By train | Toruń has great connections with all major Polish towns and cities. There are up to 12 trains per day between Warsaw and Toruń.

By bus | Regular coach services operate from Toruń to many domestic and European cities. The main coach station (Dworzec Autobusowy) is located in the city centre (8-24, Dabrowskiego Street).

For full details of Toruńs excellent transport links, visit


Toruń has a range of accommodation to suit all tastes and budgets. For more ideas of where to stay in the city, visit


Toruń’s stunning Old Town was granted  UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1997.

Toruń is proud to be the first Polish city to announce its candidacy for the European Capital of Culture 2016. The city has a rich cultural heritage; as well as the world-class Skyway Festival, it is home to no less than 6 theatres, a Centre of Contemporary Art, a planetarium, many museums and was the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus.

To find out more, visit




The city of Tallinn is a sea coast capital, a rare jewel in the north of Europe in the Gulf of Finland. With one of the most completely preserved medieval cities in Europe it is a precious city on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Once a medieval Hanseatic town and for long periods in history dominated by the Germans, Swedes and Russians, Tallinn today exhibits lots of influence from its heritage but still manages to retain an Estonian soul and identity.

Official tourism website:




By air | Located just 4 km from Tallinn city centre, the modern Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport provides excellent facilities and a wide variety of services to meet the demands of all its customers.

By train | There are daily connections between Tallinn and Moscow, as well as regular domestic connections.

By Bus | International bus lines offer bus connections between Tallinn and many European cities, as well as regular domestic connections.


The standard of accommodation in Tallinn is very high. To find out more about hotels, guesthouses, campsites, b&bs and hostels go to


The enchanting city of Tallinn is European Capital of Culture 2011. The city is bursting with museums and galleries that showcase its medieval past and its eclectic present.

Tallinn’s must-see attractions include the 12th century St Olav’s Church, the labryinth like passages of the Old town, where you’ll find craft workshops and cafes serving local delicacies, and Kadriorg Palace, which was built by Peter the Great in the 18th century and now houses the Art Museum of Estonia.

To find out more,visit




Durham is a captivating medieval city with winding cobbled streets and a prominent peninsula surrounded by the River Wear crowned with the dramatic Cathedral and Castle World Heritage Site – one of the most stunning city panoramas in Europe. Durham has eagerly embraced the modern offering a unique blend of heritage and contemporary culture, superb shopping and a varied, vibrant nightlife, and hidden green spaces in which to take some tranquil time out.

Official tourism website:



By air | Both Newcastle and Durham Tees Valley airports are around 30 minutes’ drive from the city centre and have regular domestic and international flights. Visitors can get from Newcastle Airport ( to Durham by rail or metro, and there is a free Sky Express bus service that runs between Durham Tees Valley ( and Darlington, which also has good links to Durham.

By rail | Durham train station is 10 minutes’ walk from the city centre. Trains run frequently to Manchester (2 ½ hours), York (45 minutes), Birmingham (3 hours), Edinburgh (1 ½ hours), Sheffield (2 hours) and Leeds (1 ½ hours). There are also direct cross country links to Scotland, the Midlands and the South West and trains run from London up to 14 times per day.

By bus | There are many coach and bus links to Durham from the local towns and from further away. You can find details of particular buses at and  


Durham has a range of accommodation to suit all tastes and budgets. Special Lumiere offers are coming soon.

For more ideas of where to stay, visit


Durham is one of the UK’s most beautiful cities and best-kept secrets. It’s maze of cobbled streets is home to dozens of independent cafes, restaurants and shops.

Durham’s highlights include it’s 11th century Castle and the Cathedral that Bill Bryson dubbed ‘the best on planet Earth’, and Durham’s castles and historic houses such as Crook Hall and Raby Castle are filled with dazzling art and furniture collections – not to mention swashbuckling legends and the odd ghost or two.

For a full list of things to do in Durham, visit

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